Military Psychology ® is the bimonthly journal of APA's Division 19 (Society for Military Psychology). The journal seeks to facilitate the scientific development of military psychology by encouraging communication between researchers and practitioners.

The domain of military psychology is the conduct of research or practice of psychological principles within a military environment. The journal publishes behavioral science research articles having military applications in the areas of clinical and health psychology, training and human factors, manpower and personnel, social and organizational systems, and testing and measurement.

Topics of major concern to military psychology will be covered in special journal issues.

Military Psychology is international in scope, and the editors encourage submission of articles that address research being carried out in a variety of national settings.

Military Psychology® is a registered trademark of American Psychological Association
Editorial Board


Armando X. Estrada
Temple University

Founding Editor

Martin F. Wiskoff
Northrop Grumman Mission Systems

Associate Editors

Winston R. Bennett Jr.
Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio

Rebecca K. Blais
Utah State University

Thomas Britt
Clemson University

Fritz Drasgow
University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign

Howard N. Garb
Wilford Hall Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas

Stephen L. Goldberg
U.S. Army Research Institute

Janice H. Laurence
Temple University

Joseph B. Lyons
Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio

Michael G. Rumsey
U.S. Army Research Institute

Michael J. Schwerin
Northrop Grumman

Randall Spain
RTI International

Stephen Zaccaro
George Mason University

Consulting Editors

Amy Adler
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

Nathan D. Ainspan
U.S. Army Civilian Personnel

Hubert Annen
Swiss Military Academy at ETH Zurich

Anthony R. Artino
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Paul T. Bartone
National Defense University

Erin D. Bigler
Brigham Young University

Robert M. Bray
RTI International

Daniel Brossart
Texas A&M University

Craig Bryan
National Center for Veteran Studies

Danielle Burchett
U.S. Department of Defense

Wayne Chappelle
USAF School of Aerospace Medicine

Alison Diaper
Bioinduction Limited

Benjamin Dickstein
VA Medical Center Cincinnati

Paul A. Gade
The George Washington University

Alice Garven
U.S. Army Research Institute

Abigail Gewirtz
University of Minnesota

Agata Gluszek
National Science Foundation

James Griffith
U.S. Army National Guard

Colin Harbke
Western Illinois University

Ann H. Huffman
Northern Arizona University

Michelle L. Kelley
Old Dominion University

Gerald P. Krueger
Krueger Ergonomics Consultants

Gerry Larsson
Swedish National Defence College

John Lipinski

George Mastroianni
U.S. Air Force Academy

Adam W. Meade
North Carolina State University

Lex L. Merrill
Allegheny College of Maryland

Bret Moore
San Antonio Medical Center

Osvaldo F. Morera
The University of Texas at El Paso

Alan D. Ogle
USAF 559th Medical Group

Gavan O'Shea
Human Resources Research Organization

Fred Oswald
Rice University

Freddy A. Paniagua
University of Texas Medical Branch

Tahira Probst
Washington State University

Daniel Putka
Human Resources Research Organization

Krista Langkamer Ratwani
Aptima, Inc.

W. S. Sellman
Human Resources Research Organization

Marissa Shuffler
Clemson University

Megan Thompson
Defence Research and Development Canada

Stephen A. Truhon
Austin Peay State University

James M. Wood
The University of Texas at El Paso

Editorial Assistant

Martha I. De Hoyos
Washington State University

Manuscript Coordinator

Dave Roddy
American Psychological Association

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting and indexing services providing coverage of Military Psychology®

  • Academic Search Alumni Edition
  • Academic Search Complete
  • Academic Search Elite
  • Academic Search Index
  • Academic Search Premier
  • Biological Sciences
  • Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities in Psychology
  • Current Abstracts
  • Current Contents: Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Environmental Science and Pollution Management
  • Ergonomics Abstracts
  • ERIH (European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences)
  • Health & Safety Science Abstracts
  • Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition
  • International Security & Counter-Terrorism Reference Center
  • Journal Citations Report: Social Sciences Edition
  • Military & Government Collection
  • Mosby's Nursing Consult
  • NSA Collection
  • Nursing and Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive
  • OCLC
  • Professional ProQuest Central
  • ProQuest Central
  • ProQuest Military Collection
  • ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source
  • ProQuest Psychology Journals
  • ProQuest Research Library
  • PsycINFO
  • Social Sciences Citation Index
  • TOC Premier
Manuscript Submission

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Manuscripts that do not conform to the submission guidelines may be returned without review.


Submit manuscripts electronically (.rtf or .doc) through the Manuscript Submission Portal.

Manuscript Submission Portal Entrance

Armando X. Estrada, PhD
Department of Psychology
Washington State University

Do not send submissions to the Editor via email. Authors may contact the Editor directly about a topic before submitting completed manuscripts.

Manuscript Preparation

The journal publishes behavioral science research articles having military applications in the areas of

  • manpower and personnel issues;
  • testing and measurement;
  • training and human factors;
  • clinical and health psychology; and
  • social and organizational psychology.

Military Psychology® will consider any manuscript that has military application within one or more of these areas so long as it is rigorous scholarship that fosters our understanding of these areas and serves to stimulate the generation of research ideas and theoretical insights.

Military Psychology is international in scope, and the editors encourage submission of articles that address research being carried out in a variety of national settings.

Military Psychology publishes papers in the form of research or review articles, research notes, clinical practice notes and communications.

  • Research or Review Articles include reports of original empirical research as well as scholarly integrations of individual areas of empirical research.
  • Research Notes include brief articles (15 inclusive pages) describing work that is largely confirmatory, advances in knowledge arising as by-products of broader studies, or new research techniques and methodologies.
  • Clinical Practice Notes and Communications include case studies, program development evaluations, and brief research articles of direct application for military psychologists in clinical settings.

All manuscripts should be prepared so that they have clearly articulated goals that serve to organize the introduction, method, results, and discussions. The introduction should review relevant research and theories and conclude with a clear articulation of a testable research hypothesis or research question. The methodology should include a complete description of demographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, race/ethnicity, education) and military career information (e.g., occupational field, years of service) of the participants; provide a thorough and concise description of all measures (e.g., lead stem with sample items, response alternatives, scoring procedures, and M, SD, reliability, and validity information); and include an explicit statement addressing confidentiality safeguards. The results section should include appropriate descriptive and inferential statistical analyses with reports of effect sizes (or strength of relationships) and confidence interval for significant and non-significant findings. The discussion section should elaborate on the unique contributions of the study to include linkages and extension from previous research and theory and address limitations and future directions.

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see Chapter 3 of the Publication Manual).

Review APA's Checklist for Manuscript Submission before submitting your article.

Masked Review Policy

This journal has a policy of masked review for all submissions.

A separate title page should be prepared and include

  • the title of the manuscript
  • names and institutional affiliations of all authors exactly as they are to be printed
  • name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and email address of the corresponding author.

The manuscript should omit this information but should include the title of the manuscript. Make every effort to ensure that the manuscript itself contains no clues to the authors' identity.


Research or Review Articles should not exceed 25 pages; Research and Clinical Practice Notes and Communications should not exceed 15 pages; all pages shall be inclusive of tables, figures, and references.


Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the Manual. Additional guidance on APA Style is available on the APA Style website.

Below are additional instructions regarding the preparation of display equations, computer code, and tables.

Display Equations

We strongly encourage you to use MathType (third-party software) or Equation Editor 3.0 (built into pre-2007 versions of Word) to construct your equations, rather than the equation support that is built into Word 2007 and Word 2010. Equations composed with the built-in Word 2007/Word 2010 equation support are converted to low-resolution graphics when they enter the production process and must be rekeyed by the typesetter, which may introduce errors.

To construct your equations with MathType or Equation Editor 3.0:

  • Go to the Text section of the Insert tab and select Object.
  • Select MathType or Equation Editor 3.0 in the drop-down menu.

If you have an equation that has already been produced using Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010 and you have access to the full version of MathType 6.5 or later, you can convert this equation to MathType by clicking on MathType Insert Equation. Copy the equation from Microsoft Word and paste it into the MathType box. Verify that your equation is correct, click File, and then click Update. Your equation has now been inserted into your Word file as a MathType Equation.

Use Equation Editor 3.0 or MathType only for equations or for formulas that cannot be produced as Word text using the Times or Symbol font.

Computer Code

Because altering computer code in any way (e.g., indents, line spacing, line breaks, page breaks) during the typesetting process could alter its meaning, we treat computer code differently from the rest of your article in our production process. To that end, we request separate files for computer code.

In Online Supplemental Material
We request that runnable source code be included as supplemental material to the article. For more information, visit Supplementing Your Article With Online Material.

In the Text of the Article
If you would like to include code in the text of your published manuscript, please submit a separate file with your code exactly as you want it to appear, using Courier New font with a type size of 8 points. We will make an image of each segment of code in your article that exceeds 40 characters in length. (Shorter snippets of code that appear in text will be typeset in Courier New and run in with the rest of the text.) If an appendix contains a mix of code and explanatory text, please submit a file that contains the entire appendix, with the code keyed in 8-point Courier New.


Use Word's Insert Table function when you create tables. Using spaces or tabs in your table will create problems when the table is typeset and may result in errors.

Submitting Supplemental Materials

APA can place supplemental materials online, available via the published article in the PsycARTICLES® database. Please see Supplementing Your Article With Online Material for more details.

Abstract and Keywords

All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.

Public Significance Statements

As part of your revision, we ask that you prepare an impact statement of two to three sentences that summarizes your study in plain English for the educated public. The statement should be written in simple, nontechnical, and compelling terms that highlight the relevance and implications of your research. Please do not copy the abstract for this purpose.

The aim of the statement is to summarize the article's findings and highlight their importance to human behavior within and beyond the military environment (e.g., understanding human thought, feeling, and behavior and/or assisting with solutions to psychological or societal problems).

This new article feature will enable authors to have greater control over how their work will be interpreted by key audiences.

Please refer to the Guidance for Translational Abstracts, Public Significance Statements, and Social Media Messages to help you write this text.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 133–151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing (pp. 53–73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.


Graphics files are welcome if supplied as Tiff or EPS files. Multipanel figures (i.e., figures with parts labeled a, b, c, d, etc.) should be assembled into one file.

The minimum line weight for line art is 0.5 point for optimal printing.

For more information about acceptable resolutions, fonts, sizing, and other figure issues, please see the general guidelines.

When possible, please place symbol legends below the figure instead of to the side.

APA offers authors the option to publish their figures online in color without the costs associated with print publication of color figures.

The same caption will appear on both the online (color) and print (black and white) versions. To ensure that the figure can be understood in both formats, authors should add alternative wording (e.g., "the red (dark gray) bars represent") as needed.

For authors who prefer their figures to be published in color both in print and online, original color figures can be printed in color at the editor's and publisher's discretion provided the author agrees to pay:

  • $900 for one figure
  • An additional $600 for the second figure
  • An additional $450 for each subsequent figure


Authors of accepted papers must obtain and provide to the editor on final acceptance all necessary permissions to reproduce in print and electronic form any copyrighted work, including test materials (or portions thereof), photographs, and other graphic images (including those used as stimuli in experiments).

On advice of counsel, APA may decline to publish any image whose copyright status is unknown.

Publication Policies

APA policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications.

See also APA Journals® Internet Posting Guidelines.

APA requires authors to reveal any possible conflict of interest in the conduct and reporting of research (e.g., financial interests in a test or procedure, funding by pharmaceutical companies for drug research).

Authors of accepted manuscripts are required to transfer the copyright to APA.

Ethical Principles

It is a violation of APA Ethical Principles to publish "as original data, data that have been previously published" (Standard 8.13).

In addition, APA Ethical Principles specify that "after research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release" (Standard 8.14).

APA expects authors to adhere to these standards. Specifically, APA expects authors to have their data available throughout the editorial review process and for at least 5 years after the date of publication.

Authors are required to state in writing that they have complied with APA ethical standards in the treatment of their sample, human or animal, or to describe the details of treatment.

The APA Ethics Office provides the full Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct electronically on its website in HTML, PDF, and Word format. You may also request a copy by emailing or calling the APA Ethics Office (202-336-5930). You may also read "Ethical Principles," December 1992, American Psychologist, Vol. 47, pp. 1597–1611.

Other Information

Special Issues
  • Conceptualizing and Predicting Performance of Military Officers

    Special issue of the APA journal Military Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 4, July 2014. Includes articles about major components of an officer's job; measuring noncognitive attributes that contribute to officer performance; and implementing new selection and training tools.

  • Selected New Developments in Military Enlistment Testing

    Special issue of the APA journal Military Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 3, May 2014. The articles highlight new noncognitive tests and their implementation in multiple military enlistment screening contexts, a new information and communications technology literacy test, a perceptual speed and accuracy test, and a spatial ability test.

  • Challenges in Transforming Military Training

    Special issue of the APA journal Military Psychology, Vol. 25, No. 3, May 2013. The major focus is on empirical studies within the military context, or research that has direct potential application to the military simulation and training community.